The African National Congress (ANC) is set to elect President Jacob Zuma’s successor in December during the party’s National Police and Elective Conference.
With Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and Nkosazana Dlamini being touted as the possible candidates to succeed Zuma, below is the history of the first ANC presidents together with its wing, the ANC youth League and ANC Women’s League.
John Langalibalele Dube
Dube was the founding President of the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) which later was renamed as the African National Congress (ANC) in 1923.
He was born in 1871 on the 11th of February in KwaZulu-Natal. He was later taken to America by missionaries and became a student at Oberlin College, a private liberal arts college in the United States.
Dube was a South African essayist, philosopher, educator, politician, publisher, editor, novelist and poet. He died on the 11th of February in 1946 at the age of 75.
Anton Muziwakhe Lembede
Lembede was a South African Activist and the founding President of the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL).
He was born in 1914 on the 21st of January in KwaZulu-Natal. In 1933 Lembede became a student at Adams College and studied for a certificate as a “Native Higher Primary Teacher”, he then graduated in 1936.
Lembede then became a teacher and also pursued a Bachelor of Arts Degree, where he majored in Philosophy and Roman law. He also enrolled at the University of South Africa (UNISA) for a Law Degree, which he completed in 1942 and registered for a Masters Degree in Philosophy in 1943.
He died on the 30th of July in 1947 at the age of 33.
Maxeke was the founding President of the Bantu Women’s League which later became part of the ANC and was renamed the African National Congress Women’s League (ANCWL).
She was born in 1871 on the 7th of April in Limpopo. In 1894 she travelled to Canada and the United States with the African choir which toured the England. She was then offered a scholarship by the Wilberforce University in Ohio.
In 1901 Maxeke graduated with a Bachelor of Science Degree and became the First Black South African woman to receive a college degree.
She died on the 16th of October in 1939 at the age of 68.