Look at how the 1st ANC National Conference in 1991 shaped out

The African National Congress (ANC) is set to elect President Jacob Zuma’s successor in December during the party’s 54th National Conference.

With the race for presidency of the ANC shaping up to be a tight two-horse race between Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and former African Union Commission head Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, we take a look at how the first ANC National Conference in 1991 shaped out.

In July 1991, the ANC held its first National Conference within the borders of South Africa.  The Conference was held just over a year after the ANC got unbanned. The organization had been operating in exile and underground for 30 years, from 1959-1990.

The conference which was held in Durban from 2nd -6th  July, was attended by almost 3000 delegates and some 500 international guests, and debated a number of issues facing the country and the organisation’s role in determining its future; during the conference the following the chosen to be the top office bearers.

President: Nelson Mandela,

Deputy President: Walter Sisulu,

National Chairperson: Oliver Tambo,

Secretary General: Cyril Ramaphosa,

Deputy Secretary General: Jacob Zuma.

Ramaphosa and Dlamini-Zuma are currently in a tight race for presidency, while other presidential contenders, including Mathews Phosa, Jeff Radebe, Lindiwe Sisulu, Baleka Mbete and Zweli Mkhize, are all competing for a distant third.

In a rally which was held in Sekhukhuneland, Limpopo, Ramaphosa upped his pace and announced the ideal candidates for his “winning” team. He chose:

Deputy President: Naledi Pandor,

Secretary General: Senzo Mchunu,

National Chairperson: Gwede Mantashe,

Treasurer General: Paul Mashatile.

Dlamini is yet to announce her ideal candidates; however the ANC Youth League (ANCYL) has made suggestions of who they want to be part of the top six when Dlamini-Zuma is the ANC president. They chose:

Deputy President: Didi Mabuza,

Secretary General: Ace Magashule,

National Chairperson: Nathi Mthethwa,

Treasurer General: Maite Nkoane-Mashabane.

At the moment the two provinces, KwaZulu-Natal and Limpopo are contrasting fortunes for Ramaphosa and Dlamini-Zuma, however it is still unclear of who will win the ANC presidency.

The winner will be known after the Conference which will be held in Gauteng from 16th-20th December 2017.

 

 

 

 

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ANCYL disappointed over Ramaphosa’s use of “divisive remarks”

The African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL has slammed ANC Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa for using “divisive remarks – “winning team”, during his pronouncement of who he prefers to be top office bearers.

ANCYL National Spokesperson, Njabulo Nzuza said they were disappointed by Ramaphosa’s move, as it will divide the organisation further.

“It is not recorded anywhere in the history books of the ANC that the Presidential hopeful took a podium and pronounced names of his preferred candidates to lead with him/her and titled that a “ winning” team,” said Nzuza

“Cde Ramaphosa is the first and hopefully he is the last to utter such divisive statements. The ANCYL [request] advises Cde Ramaphosa to desist from using such divisive language of “winning” teams in the ANC. The people that he mentioned as his “winning” team must also distance[d] themselves from such a divisive title. In the ANC there are no winning teams. The ANC is a unitary organization and the winner remains the ANC,” added Nzuza.

On Sunday, during a rally which was held in Sekhukhuneland, Limpopo, Ramaphosa announced the ideal candidates for his “winning” team.

The Spokesperson condemned Ramaphosa’s pronouncement by saying it demonstrated his ‘desperation’ to lead.

“By pronouncing his so-called “winning” team, the Presidential hopeful Cde Ramaphosa demonstrated his hunger to lead at all costs even if his utterances can cause the disunity of the organization. Cde Ramaphosa has stooped so low by purporting that there is a winning team in the ANC and thus suggesting that there is also a losing team,” said Nzuza.

Meanwhile, earlier this year, the League released a statement where they also pronounced who their ideal candidates of top office bearers are. They ANCYL chose Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma as President, Didi Mabuza as Deputy President, Ace Magashule as Secretary General, Nathi Mthethwa as National Chairperson, Maite Nkoane-Mashabane as Treasure General and Jesse Duarte to remain as deputy secretary-general.

 

“#BlackMonday was a mockery of the national reconciliation project”-ANC

The African National Congress (ANC) has condemned the so-called #BlackMonday campaign, saying the campaign serves as indication that farmers are yearning for apartheid fascism and white supremacy.

ANC Spokesperson Zizi Kodwa said the myopic call for the protection of farmers, referring in particular to white farm owners, points to an ill-conceived sense of special entitlement.

“The racial characterization of crime and the stoking of racial hatred by some elements in the campaign through, amongst others, the arrogant and offensive display of apartheid South Africa’s flag, are indicative of an unrelenting yearning for apartheid fascism and white supremacy and make a mockery of the national reconciliation project…,” said Kodwa.

On Monday thousands gathered across the country on Monday in a protest dubbed #blackmonday to raise awareness of the dangers facing those on farms, with survivors speaking out about their heartache and losses. Some were photographed wearing T-shirts bearing the old South African flag.

Kodwa slammed those who were wearing T-shirts bearing the old South African flag and said they are undermining the deaths of black farm workers and other persons on farms.

He then condemned the manner in which white farmers are brutally killing black people and using statements such as that they were “mistaken for baboons”.

“The ANC calls on the farming community to appreciate the importance of all lives, not just white lives. It was during the apartheid era, which some today clearly still long for, where government sought to protect only the privileged white minority at the expense of the suffering black majority,” said Kodwa.

“The ANC invites the proponents of #BlackMonday to join, rather than alienate, the majority of South Africans in the fight against all forms of crime against all people in our country,” added Kodwa.

The wrong way to lose weight- 5 habits to ditch

Spring is here and some cannot wait to flaunt their “bikini bodies”. And well for that unfortunate few who haven’t been religious about their workout the last few months, we understand that you’ll have to work hard to achieve it, however people should wary of adopting extreme diet plans and habits.

It’s true that extreme diet plans and habits can yield extreme results-but not always in the way you’d like. Here’s a breakdown of the changes that happen in your body when you boycott carbs, drink every meal or deprive your body of the calories it needs.

Fat free diet

Picking the right kind of fat is one of the most important tricks of losing weight. Eating food that is packed with the wrong kind of fat will make you fat. Trans fat which are mostly found in some margarines, cracker and cookies and saturated fats found in processed and grain fed meats, do the worst to your body’s nutritional bottom line.

But healthy fats that you get from your olive oil, avocado, dark chocolate will do the opposite. They will suppress you appetite, making you cut down on the number of calories you eat in a day and also improve your heart health and stoking your metabolism.

Protein only diet

Doctors and nutritionists often say Carbohydrates are a huge factor when weigh gain is concerned and suggest  cutting all your carbs in favor of meat, meat, and more meat might help you lose water weight in the short-term. But in the long-term, these kinds of diets aren’t actually any more effective at helping you drop kilos.

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the human body, and when the body is deprived of carbs, it gets forced to burn body and dietary fat and protein to fulfil its energy needs. The breakdown products of burning large quantities of body fat for energy are called ketones. These keytones will then accumulate the body and a build-up of ketones can cause all kinds of damage to vital organs such as the liver and kidneys.

Other nasty side effects include loss of muscle tissue, high risk of high blood-fat levels, unpleasant body odour and bad breath, all cased by the ketones that have taken over the body.

Over exercising

Over exercising can impact one negatively both emotionally and physically. It leads to injuries, exhaustion, depression, insomnia, anxiety, and possible suicide. A person may see deterioration of their personal relationships as a result of their compulsions and frustrations or failure at work or school. Social isolation is common amongst those exercising compulsively as all available time is scheduled with physical activity, usually alone.

A person can become unaware of dehydration or more seriously be affected by natural elements such as heat or cold and suffer heat stroke or frostbite, respectively. Compulsive exercising can lead to insomnia, depression, fatigue, and anxiety. Physical side effects include muscular atrophy and skeletal injuries such as shin splits, bone fractures, arthritis, or damage to cartilage and ligaments. Too much exercise can lead to the release of excessive free radicals, which have been linked to cellular mutations and cancer. Females may cease menstruation, a condition called amenorrhea.

Drinking laxative tea:

They are often labelled as herbal, organic and recommended by weight loss and detox centres, but are these teas good for you? Laxative teas typically contain Senna as the main ingredient and provide essentially no nutrients and no calories for you. Dieters together with colon-cleansing fans equally sip on these stimulant laxatives during the day or before they go to sleep, but are not aware that they could cause more harm than good.

They irritate your intestinal wall and stimulate your colon, forcing your body to get rid of whatever is in your digestive tract. Though there may not be any immediate negative consequences, side effects include dehydration and nutrient absorption loss, which leads to serious nutritional imbalances, even causing grave damage to the gastrointestinal tract, brain, colon and potentially igniting kidney and heart issues.

Switching to Diet Soda

A lot of people who are trying to lose weight often see the word “diet” in a soda and then assume that it is healthy and that it will assist them in shedding off some weight, however that is unfortunately untrue.  Diet soda’s especially diet coke has ingredients like High Fructose Corn Syrup (and other artificial sweeteners) Natural Flavours and caffeine which are a ll not good for weight loss.

When one consumes regular sugar, the body registers the sweetness and understands that sweet things contain a lot of calories, so since diet sodas are made with a number of artificial sweeteners, the sweeteners tricks the human body so that its internal ability count calories is thrown away. When the calories count is thrown away, the metabolisms get shaken up, making one want to eat more and eventually leading to greater weight gain.

 

Are you drinking your health away?

Have ever questioned if the drinks you gulp down during breakfast, lunch and dinner are healthy, your 100% juice, organic ice tea and sports drink. They seem harmless right, however the daily consuming of these drinks add up to our health concerns.

A study conducted by the All Media Products has revealed that South Africa is one of the world’s top 10 consumers of sugary drinks and consumption has been growing at about 3% a year. The extreme consumption of sugar affects everyone, from you low-income households to the high –income households.

Sugary drinks have almost become the drink of choice. Sales are relentlessly driven by inescapable, hard-edged advertising and reinforced by aspirations. Yet the reality is that these drinks are far from healthy as frequently consuming these sugary drinks can lead to an increased risk of:

  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Type two diabetes
  • Excessive weight gain
  • Cardiovascular disease

Drinks we think are healthy

  • 100% fruit juice
  • 100% natural green tea/ice tea
  • Sports drinks
  • Vegetable juice
  • Diet Coke

Alternatives

  • Tea leaves/Natural tea
  • Coconut water/electrolyte water

Ingredients to watch out for in drinks

  • High Fructose Corn Syrup
  • Natural Flavours
  • Brominated Vegetable oil
  • Modified food starch
  • Red 40

 

  • High Fructose Corn Syrup

HCFS is known to have ginormous loads of pure fructose and sugar; however the syrup contains other toxic chemicals. During the manufacturing of the syrup, chemical contaminants used in that process end up in the syrup, and chloralkali is used in the process. What we didn’t know is that Chloralkai contains mercury. And there are trace amounts of mercury found in high fructose corn syrup-containing beverages meaning that when consumed occasionally the heavy metal can build up in the body, causing health problem.

Eating too much HCFS can also cause Hepatic Steatosis also know as fatty liver, which is mostly common in America and about 90 million American are diagnosed with this disease, which is why The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition links food that contain HFCS to obesity, saying the tastier the food is, the more likely you are to overeat it, causing too much damage for your health, leading to diabesity which is pre-diabetes and Type two diabetes.

  • Natural Flavours

Natural flavours are complex mixtures created by specially trained food chemists known as flavourists. The mixtures contain more than 100 different chemicals including preservatives, solvents and other substances. These are defined as “incidental additives.”

Natural flavours appear safe for human consumption when consumed occasionally in processed foods. However, given the number of chemicals that may be part of a natural flavour mixture, adverse reactions are always possible.

  • Brominated Vegetable oil

Is a flame retarded chemical that is used in citrusy flavoured beverages, it has the element bromine attached to it, and bromine is classified in the halide class and halides often include fluorine and iodine. When consumed the bromine competes with iodine in our body, meaning the more bromine you consume, the lesser the iodine which may lead to Metabolic syndrome, early puberty, reproduction problems, behavioural problems and a decrease of the thyroid hormone.

  • Modified Food Starch

The ingredient is processed with potentially harmful chemicals and has a high risk of contamination and in some cases; we are actually consuming the chemicals.  This poses a health threat and is the actual cause for concern when modified starch is used in processed foods.

Modified food starch contains sulphuric acid, chlorine and maltodextrin, a flavorless powder that is employed as a binding agent in candies, sport enhancing supplements and drinks. Its side effects include sudden weight gain and wheat allergy-like symptoms including rashes, itching, asthma etc

  • Red 40

Red 40 is a certified colour that comes from petroleum distillates or coal tars; it is used to make our foods look more appealing and fresher. However it is very harmful to our health as a number of individuals have had adverse reactions caused by this ingredient.

Red 40 causes hyperactivity in children, caused immune-system tumors in animal studies, and has caused many people to have severe allergic reactions ranging from hives and swelling, to anaphylactic shock, it is also implicated in learning disabilities.

So all-in-all we emphasize the importance of going through the ingredients of every product you purchase and knowing whether they are healthy or not. Learn to eat food as medicine otherwise we will be forced to eat medicine as food.

 

DA calls on Grace Mugabe to hand over her documents

The Democratic Alliance (DA) has called on Zimbabwe’s First lady Grace Mugabe to hand over all her passports to the South African government to ensure that she does not flee the country.

DA’s Shadow Minister of Police, in a statement said is Mugabe doesn’t hand over her documents she will remain “massive” flight risk.

“…it is imperative that South Africa be assured that Grace Mugabe will not flee the country in order to evade justice. The only way to ensure this is for all her passports to immediately be surrendered,” said Mbhele.

On Sunday Mugabe was accused of assaulting a South African model Gabriella Engels and was pleading for diplomatic immunity.

This follows after she failed to turn up at the Randburg Magistrates Court to answer to assault charge.

Mbhele said the Departments of police and International Relations, as well as the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA), needed to play their role and ensure that the Zimbabwean First Lady is held accountable for what she has done, because she doesn’t qualify for diplomatic immunity.

“Grace Mugabe needs to be arrested to face charges of assault with the intent to do grievous bodily harm – charges for which the investigation is complete and ready for court,” said Mbhele.

“The DA has already confirmed that Ms Mugabe does not qualify for diplomatic immunity, and reports today confirm that the government is similarly in possession of a legal opinion to this effect,” added Mbhele.

On the other hand, it has been rumoured that President Robert Mugabe might use his visit to South Africa to try and help the situation surrounding his controversial wife and kids.

President Mugabe is currently in SA for this week’s 37th South African Development Community (SADC) Summit in Pretoria. He arrived on Wednesday.

Gerrie Nel to represent Gabriella Engels

South African advocate and Prosecutor is gearing up to take on the first lady, this comes after Nel joined the Afriforum.

On Thursday the Afriforum announced that it will be supporting Engels in her criminal case against the first lady. The rights group said it aims at pressurising the NPA and police to apply justice fairly to ensure that the first lady is not granted diplomatic immunity.

By Senzile Kubheka

1st ANC Presidents

The African National Congress (ANC) is set to elect President Jacob Zuma’s successor in December during the party’s National Police and Elective Conference.

With Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and Nkosazana Dlamini being touted as the possible candidates to succeed Zuma, below is the history of the first ANC presidents together with its wing, the ANC youth League and ANC Women’s League.

John Langalibalele Dube

John_L_Dube_001

Dube was the founding President of the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) which later was renamed as the African National Congress (ANC) in 1923.

He was born in 1871 on the 11th of February in KwaZulu-Natal. He was later taken to America by missionaries and became a student at Oberlin College, a private liberal arts college in the United States.

Dube was a South African essayist, philosopher, educator, politician, publisher, editor, novelist and poet. He died on the 11th of February in 1946 at the age of 75.

Anton Muziwakhe Lembede

Anton Muziwakhe Lembede

Lembede was a South African Activist and the founding President of the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL).

He was born in 1914 on the 21st of January in KwaZulu-Natal. In 1933 Lembede became a student at Adams College and studied for a certificate as a “Native Higher Primary Teacher”, he then graduated in 1936.

Lembede then became a teacher and also pursued a Bachelor of Arts Degree, where he majored in Philosophy and Roman law. He also enrolled at the University of South Africa (UNISA) for a Law Degree, which he completed in 1942 and registered for a Masters Degree in Philosophy in 1943.

He died on the 30th of July in 1947 at the age of 33.

Charlotte Maxeke

charlotte_maxeke

Maxeke was the founding President of the Bantu Women’s League which later became part of the ANC and was renamed the African National Congress Women’s League (ANCWL).

She was born in 1871 on the 7th of April in Limpopo. In 1894 she travelled to Canada and the United States with the African choir which toured the England. She was then offered a scholarship by the Wilberforce University in Ohio.

In 1901 Maxeke graduated with a Bachelor of Science Degree and became the First Black South African woman to receive a college degree.

She died on the 16th of October in 1939 at the age of 68.

Etwatwa Residents receive 300 title deeds

Etwatwa Residents receive 300 title deeds

The city of Ekurhuleni on Wednesday (24May2017) handed out 300 title deeds to the residents of Etwatwa Ext 9 and 10.

Gauteng Human Settlements MEC Paul Mashatile addressed Etwatwa residents, where he urged commuters to not sell their houses, even though they have title deeds and then blame the government.

“I plead with you not to sell your RDP houses and move back to shacks. We are today giving you title deeds which are confirmations that you are now home owners. Do not sell your houses and then blame the ANC for not giving you houses,” said Mashatile.

He then pleaded with the residents to report anyone who is trying to sell his/her RDP house, as this is a setback to the city.

Gogo Thamaria Mdlalose who was the first person to receive her title deed said she was ecstatic that after 20 years of being an Etwatwa resident, she is finally a home owner, with a title deed.

“I am pleased to know that even if I die, my five daughters and grandchildren will always have a roof over their heads,” said Mdlalose.

Even though a number of commuters where happy the number of title deeds being handed out, a few questioned when they will be receiving their own. However Mashatile assured them that they will receive them as the city was processing over 39 000 title deeds.

Mashatile also said the government has allocated and approved six “mega projects” for the city of Ekurhuleni.

He then called on all councillors around Etwatwa to keep in touch with community members and inform them about the progress of building houses in the area.

“I have a letter here with me and I will hand this letter to the councillors because I want them to inform you commuters about the number of houses which will be built in certain extensions around Etwatwa,” said Mashatile.

“And another thing will also be allocating land, service sites to individuals who are able to build their own houses. In those stands we will make sure that there is electricity and running tap water,” added Mashatile.

Mashatile then touched on the issue of women violence and pleaded with commuters to communicate with the police and report women and child violence.

Mthandeni ‘Igcokama Elisha’ releases his 8th Album

Mthandeni Sibusiso Manqele popularly known as Igcokama Elisha, the most loved Maskandi artist, is set to release his brand new 15 tracks album this weekend titled “I-Thousand”. The official release for this long awaited album is this coming Saturday, 3rd June.

This album is Igcokama Elisha’s 8th album since he started his solo career in 2013 and it comes with songs like “My Toffoluxe” for the lovebirds and “Hello Hello” to revive the hashtag: #UnyakaWamaBhinca, hence it is without doubt that this new album will also be well received by a number of Africans.

Manqele is a 29 year old KwaZulu-Natal born and bred hit maker from a small area called Mtubatuba, has promised that his new album is focused on growing his career as an artist, songwriter, delivering the best music to the Maskandi music lovers and contributing to the growth of this genre.

In this new album, Igcokama Elisha fans hope that the hit maker continues to brings innovation in the genre that speaks to the new generation with a sound that is inspired by what the youth in South Africa likes currently.

Manqele has taken the Maskandi genre to greater heights as he has made history by being the first Maskandi artist to be an Ambassador for a clothing brand called Cutty. In 2016 he was also the first Maskandi artist to be featured in an urban magazine called True Love Magazine

DA lashes out at Zuma for setting an Inter-Ministerial Committee to probe Melefe’s return

DA lashes out at Zuma for setting an Inter-Ministerial Committee to probe Melefe’s return

The Democratic Alliance (DA) has lashed out at President Jacob Zuma for setting up an Inter-Ministerial Committee to “gather facts” about the return of Brian Molefe to Eskom.

DA’s Shadow Minister of Public Enterprises, Natasha Mazzone said Zuma has proven that he undermines the Parliament by setting up a Ministerial Task Team that consists of “all Ministers firmly behind Zuma, and many with their own reputations of being captured”.

“Zuma’s announcement that an Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) will be established to investigate the very serious problems at Eskom, rather than Parliament, as the body mandated to oversee and ensure the smooth running of the entity, has flatly undermined Parliament,” said Mazzone.

“The President is clearly deathly scared of the evidence which will emerge from a full-scale and transparent Parliamentary Inquiry,” added Mazzone.

Zuma on Thursday decided to set up an inter-ministerial committee to “gather facts” about Brian Molefe’s return to Eskom.

Zuma on Thursday announced that he will set up an IMC to assist in gathering facts about the return of Molefe to the parastatal.

In a statement released by the presidency, Zuma said the presidency together with his cabinet is concerned by what is happening at Eskom.

“Cabinet is concerned about the recent developments at Eskom. Cabinet appreciates that the matter regarding the re-employment of Mr Brian Molefe as the Chief Executive Officer of Eskom is before courts and in Parliament, and shall therefore respect these processes,” said the Presidency.

The IMC set by the president is made up of: Ministers of Public Enterprises, Lynne Brown, Energy, Mmamoloko Kubayi, Finance, Malusi Gigaba, and Justice and Correctional services, Michael Masutha.

Two weeks ago, Molefe resigned as an ANC MP and returned to the power utility as CEO. He had resigned in November 2016 after he was named in the public protector’s State of Capture report.

Earlier on Thursday, Brown announced an inquiry into alleged corruption at Eskom. It would likely be conducted the Special Investigating Unit and overseen by a judge.

Briefing reporters before her budget debate, Brown said since South Africa first experienced rolling blackouts in 2007, there had been at least seven investigations into alleged maladministration and corruption at the utility. Several of these were commissioned by Eskom’s board and they culminated in the State of Capture report, which was released in November last year.

By Senzile Kubheka